Dr Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal, Mufakkir e Pakistan, was the greatest poet and philosopher of all time. Whereas Muhammad Ali Jinnah is Pakistan’s founding father, Iqbal is the country’s spiritual father. In Urdu literature, he is the most important figure. Iqbal’s poetry, philosophy, and thought inspired Muslims across the Indian subcontinent to demand a separate homeland, which led to the creation of Pakistan. Allama Iqbal was born in Sialkot, India (now Pakistan) on November 9, 1877, and died in Lahore, Punjab, on April 21, 1938.
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Early Life and Career
Iqbal was born into a religious family of small businessmen in Sialkot, India (now Pakistan), and received his education at Government College Lahore. From 1905 to 1908, he studied philosophy at the University of Cambridge in England, became a barrister in London, and earned his doctorate at the University of Munich. His dissertation, The Development of Persia in Metaphysics, reveals previously unknown aspects of Islamic mysticism in Europe.
He earned a living as a lawyer after returning from Europe, but he was best known for his Persian and Urdu poetry, which he wrote in the classical style for public reading. His poetry became well-known through poetic symposia and in an environment where memorising verses was the norm.
Iqbal’s personal life was in chaos. Iqbal divorced Karim Bibi in 1916 but continued to support her and their children financially for the rest of his life. Iqbal began focusing on spiritual and religious subjects while maintaining his legal practice, publishing poetry and literary works.
One Mission Two Visions
There were notable differences between the two men. While Iqbal believed that Islam was the source of government and society, Jinnah advocated for a secular government and presented a secular vision for Pakistan in which religion had no bearing on business. There is no “state.” Iqbal was a supporter of the Khilafah movement. It was dubbed “religious fanaticism” by Jinnah. Jinnah sided with Congress for a decade after Iqbal endorsed the idea of dividing Muslim-majority provinces in 1930. The talks continued, and Pakistan’s goal was only officially accepted in 1940.
In a letter dated June 21, 1937, Iqbal explained to Jinnah his views on a separate Muslim state.
“A separate federation of Muslim Provinces, reformed on the lines I have suggested above, is the only course by which we can secure a peaceful India and save Muslims from the domination of Non-Muslims. Why should not the Muslims of North-West India and Bengal be considered as nations entitled to self-determination just as other nations in India and outside India are.”
As president of the Punjab Muslim League, Iqbal criticised Jinnah’s political actions, including a political agreement with Punjabi leader Sir Sikandar Hyat Khan, whom Iqbal saw as representing the feudal classes and not committed to Islam as the core political philosophy. Nonetheless, Iqbal worked tirelessly to persuade Muslim leaders and the general public to support Jinnah and the League. Iqbal stated about the political future of Muslims in India as:
“There is only one way out. Muslims should strengthen Jinnah’s hands. They should join the Muslim League. Indian question, as is now being solved, can be countered by our united front against both the Hindus and the English. Without it, our demands are not going to be accepted. People say our demands smack of communalism. This is sheer propaganda. These demands relate to the defence of our national existence. … The united front can be formed under the leadership of the Muslim League. And the Muslim League can succeed only on account of Jinnah. Now, none but Jinnah is capable of leading the Muslims.”
In his views on the Muslim political future, Iqbal contradicted Syed Abul Ali Maududi, who had opposed the partition of India. However, Maududi was close to Iqbal’s poetic philosophy of an ideal Islamic state that would reject secularism and nationalism. After the formation of Pakistan, nine years after Iqbal’s death, Jinnah and other League politicians will publicly recognize Iqbal as one of the visionaries and founders of the state.
Allama Iqbal’s Quotes that may change your life perspective
“But only a brief moment is granted to the brave one breath or two, whose wage is The long nights of the grave.”– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“Failure is not fatal until we surrender trying again is the key of glorious victory.”– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“People who have no hold over their process of thinking are likely to be ruined by liberty of thought. If thought is immature, liberty of thought becomes a method of converting men into animals”.– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“The ultimate aim of the ego is not to see something, but to be something”.– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“Nations are born in the hearts of poets, they prosper and die in the hands of politicians.”– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“It is the mysterious touch of the ideal that animates and sustains the real, and through it alone we can discover and affirm the ideal.”– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“The way of the hermit, not fortune, is mine; Sell not your soul! In a beggar’s rags shine.”– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“Unbeliever is he who follows predestination even if he be Muslim, Faithful is he, if he himself is the Divine Destiny”.– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“I tell you the sign of a believer; When Death comes, there is a smile on his lips”.– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
“A community receives light from its history, it becomes aware of itself by remembrance of its history”.– Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal
These were the some best & motivating quotes of Dr Muhammad Allama Iqbal, hopefully these quotes would have made you felt graceful & revolutionized