In dentistry, periodontal procedures are frequently performed. Dentists use specific instruments as per the procedure’s requirements.
Dental chisel scalers are sharp tools used for removing and dislodging bridges of calculus on anterior mandibular teeth that can lead to gum disease.
They are also helpful in contouring and smoothening root surfaces during periodontal procedures.
Here, we will learn where and how to effectively use a dental chisel scaler for improved results.
Table Of Contents
Understanding Chisel Scaler
It’s a hybrid of two dental instruments: a chisel and a scaler.
So, before discussing how to use this instrument, it’s essential to learn the differences between its components.
Key Difference Between a Dental Chisel and a Dental Scaler
Both dental chisels and scalers are hand instruments used to remove calculus and plaque from tooth surfaces.
The following table summarizes their key differences.
|Characteristic||Dental Chisel||Dental Scaler|
|Blade Shape||Flat, chisel-shaped||Rounded or spoon-shaped|
|Primary use||Removing large deposits of calculus||Removing plaque and calculus from tooth surfaces, especially in difficult-to-reach areas|
|Types||Straight chisel, curved chisel, bi-angle chisel||Sickle scaler, curette scaler, universal scaler|
Use of Chisel Scalers in Periodontics
Gum disease is a common infection that can damage the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss.
Dentists perform periodontal procedures to treat gum disease.
There are two main periodontal procedures where scaler chisels are used:
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical periodontal procedure that involves:
- Removing calculus and plaque from the tooth surfaces
- Smoothing out the root surfaces
This periodontal procedure is ideal for treating mild to moderate gum diseases.
Periodontists use chisel scalers to remove calculus and plaque from the tooth surfaces and smooth out the root surfaces.
Gingival surgery is a surgical periodontal procedure for:
- Removing diseased gum tissue
- Reshaping the bone around the teeth
This procedure is primarily performed for treating moderate to severe gum diseases.
The dental chisel scaler helps smooth out the root surfaces during gingival surgery and removes any remaining calculus and plaque.
How to Effectively Use Dental Chisel Scalers?
To use a chisel scaler effectively, follow these steps:
- Place the scaler on the tooth surface at a 45-degree angle.
- Apply light pressure and move the scaler in a sweeping motion away from the tooth.
- Use a short, controlled stroke to remove calculus and plaque.
- Stay careful and do not damage the tooth surface or injure soft tissues of a patient.
- To remove debris, try to rinse the area with water frequently.
How to Use a Dental Chisel Scaler Safely?
Chisel scalers are sharp instruments. It is important to use them safely to avoid injuring yourself or your patients.
Some safety tips are mentioned below:
- Always wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) while using a chisel scaler. Use gloves, eye protection, and a mask.
- Keep your instruments sharp. A dull scaler instrument is more likely to slip and that can cause injury.
- Use the correct scaler for the job. Different types of chisel scalers are designed for different areas of the mouth.
- Use a light, controlled stroke to avoid gouging the tooth surface.
- Careful with the instrument while using and not to injure the patient’s soft tissues.
Chisel scalers are important instruments for dental hygienists to perform periodontal dental procedures.
The type of instrument used depends on the specific area of the mouth under treatment and the amount of plaque and calculus present.
Improper use of these instruments can damage the tooth surface and gums.
It is important to note that only trained dental professionals should use a chisel scaler following the proper technique.
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